Section menu

Refereed research publications 2020

  1. Abdulghani N, Amir LH, Edvardsson K. Observational study found that skin-to-skin contact was not common after vaginal birth in Saudi Arabia. Acta Paediatr. 2020;109(8):1681-2.

  2. Abdulghani N, Amir LH, Edvardsson K, Cooklin A. It's time for global action to reinforce mother-infant skin-to-skin contact policy. Acta Paediatr. 2020;109(8):1689.

  3. Abdulghani N, Edvardsson K, Amir LH. Health care providers' perception of facilitators and barriers for the practice of skin-to-skin contact in Saudi Arabia: A qualitative study. Midwifery. 2020;81:102577.

  4. Amir LH, Grzeskowiak LE, Kam RL. Ethical Issues in Use of Medications During Lactation. J Hum Lact. 2020;36(1):34-9.

  5. Buck M, Amir L, McDonald K. ‘Not at all what I had imagined or been prepared for.’ Women’s experiences of becoming a breastfeeding mother Breastfeeding Review 2020;28(2):15-25.

  6. Camargo BTS, Coca KP, Amir LH, Correa L, Aranha ACC, Marcacine KO, et al. The effect of a single irradiation of low-level laser on nipple pain in breastfeeding women: a randomized controlled trial. Lasers Med Sci. 2020;35(1):63-9. 

  7. Cramer R, McLachlan H, Shafiei T, Amir L, Cullinane M, Small R, et al. Women’s experiences of infant feeding support: Findings from a cross-sectional survey in Victoria, Australia. Women Birth. 2020;available 22 Oct 2020. 

  8. Cullinane M, McLachlan HL, Newton MS, Zugna SA, Forster DA. Using the Kirkpatrick Model to evaluate the Maternity and Neonatal Emergencies (MANE) programme: Background and study protocol. BMJ Open. 2020;10(1):e032873.

  9. Grimes HA, Forster DA, Shafiei T, Amir LH, McLardie-Hore F, McLachlan HL. Breastfeeding peer support by telephone in the RUBY randomised controlled trial: A qualitative exploration of volunteers' experiences. PLoS One. 2020;15(8):e0237190.

  10. Grimes HA, Shafiei T, McLachlan HL, Forster DA. Volunteers' experiences of providing telephone-based breast-feeding peer support in the RUBY randomised controlled trial. Public Health Nutr. 2020;23(16):3005-15.

  11. McLardie-Hore FE, McLachlan HL, Shafiei T, Forster DA. Proactive telephone-based peer support for breastfeeding: a cross-sectional survey of women's experiences of receiving support in the RUBY randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open. 2020;10(10):e040412.

  12. Rodrigo R, Amir LH, Forster DA, McEgan K, Opie G. Human Milk Expression, Storage, and Transport by Women Whose Infants Are Inpatients at a Tertiary Neonatal Unit in Melbourne, Australia: An Exploratory Study. Adv Neonatal Care. 2020

Refereed research publications 2021

  1. Frank GD, Fox D, Njue C, Dawson A. The maternity experiences of women seeking asylum in high-income countries: a meta-ethnography. Women Birth. 2021; In press.
  2. Matthews R, Hyde R, Llewelyn F, Shafiei T, Newton M, Forster DA. Factors associated with midwives' job satisfaction and experience of work: a cross-sectional survey of midwives in a tertiary maternity hospital in Melbourne, Australia. Women Birth. 2021; In press.


De Bortoli J, Amir LH. Is onset of lactation delayed in women with diabetes in pregnancy? A systematic review. Diabet Med 2015 Jun 26. doi: 10.1111/dme.12846.

Forster D, Jacobs S, Amir L, Davis P, Walker S, McEgan K, Opie G, Donath S, Moorhead A, Ford R, McNamara C, Aylward A, Gold L. Safety and efficacy of antenatal milk expressing for women with diabetes in pregnancy: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMJ Open 2014; 4

Forster D. Changing attitudes. International Innovation, Health Partnership 2012;Dec.:82-4

Forster D, Moorhead A, Jacobs S, Amir L, Walker  S, McEgan K, Opie G, McNamara C, Ford R.  Is not testing a major change in clinical practice an ethical dilemma?  2010 Elsevier Ltd. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2010.03.003

Forster D, McEgan Kerri, Ford R, Moorhead A, Opie G, Walker S, McNamara C. Diabetes and antenatal milk expressing: a pilot project to inform the development of a randomised controlled trial Midwifery(2009),doi:10.1016/j.midw.2009.05.009


Forster D, McLachlan H, Davey M-A, Amir L, Gold L, Small R, Mortenson K, Moorhead A, Grimes H, and McLardie-Hore F, Ringing Up about Breastfeeding: a randomised controlled trial exploring early telephone peer support for breastfeeding (RUBY) – trial protocol BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014, 14:177  doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-177


Johns H, Amir LH, McLachlan HL, Forster DA. Breast pump use amongst mothers of healthy term infants in Melbourne, Australia: a prospective cohort study. Midwifery. Accepted 18th October 2015.

Forster D, Johns H, McLachlan H, Moorhead A, McEgan K, Amir L. Feeding infants directly at the breast during the postpartum hospital stay is associated with increased breastfeeding at 6 months postpartum: a prospective cohort study. BMJ Open 2015; 5:e007512

Johns H, Forster D, Amir LH, McLachlan H. Prevalence and outcomes of breast milk expressing in women with healthy term infants: a systematic review. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2013; 13: 212

Johns H, Forster D, Amir L, Moorhead A, McEgan K, McLachlan H. Infant feeding practices in the first 24–48 h of life in healthy term infants. Acta Paediatrica 2013; 102(7):e315-e20


McLachlan H, Forster D, Davey MA, Lumley J, Farrell T, Oats J, Gold L, Waldenstrom U, Albers L and Biro M A. COSMOS: COmparing Standard Maternity care with One-to-one midwifery support: a randomised controlled trial BMC Pregnancy and childbirth 2008,8:25

McLachlan H, Forster D, Davey M-A, Farrell T, Gold L, Biro M A, Albers L, Flood M, Oats J, and Waldenstrom U. Effects of continuity of care by a primary midwife (caseload midwifery) on caesarean section rates in women of low obstetric risk: the COSMOS randomised controlled trial BJOG An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2012

McLachlan HL, Forster DA, Davey MA, Farrell T, Flood M, Shafiei T, Waldenström U. The effect of primary midwife-led care on women's experience of childbirth: results from the COSMOS randomised controlled trial. BJOG 2015 (in press). Epub 2015 Oct 26

Dawson K, McLachlan HL, Newton MS, Forster DA. Implementing caseload midwifery: exploring the views of maternity managers in Australia - a national cross-sectional survey. Women Birth. Accepted 22nd October 2015. pii: S1871-5192(15)00330-3. doi: 10.1016/j.wombi.2015.10.010.

Newton, McLachlan HL, Willis K, Forster DA. Understanding the 'work' of caseload midwives: a mixed-methods exploration of two caseload midwifery models in Victoria, Australia. Women Birth. Accepted 27th October 2015.

Dawson K, Newton MS, Forster DA, McLachlan HL. Exploring midwifery students' views and experiences of caseload midwifery: a cross sectional survey conducted in Victoria, Australia. Midwifery 2015; 31: e7–e15.

Forster D, Newton M, McLachlan H, Willis K. Exploring implementation and sustainability of models of care: can theory help? BMC Public Health 2011, 11(Suppl 5):S8

Newton M, McLachlan H, Willis K and Forster D, Comparing satisfaction and burnout between caseload and standard care midwives: findings from two cross-sectional surveys conducted in Victoria, Australia BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth (2014)

Davey M-A, McLachlan H, Forster D, Flood M. Influence of timing of admission in labour and management of labour on method of birth: results from a randomised controlled trial of caseload midwifery (COSMOS trial). Midwifery 2013;29(12):1297–302